Do Groundhogs Eat Tomatoes?

Groundhogs, those burrowing mammals known for their role in predicting the weather on Groundhog Day, also have a significant presence in the world of gardening and agriculture. The question that often arises in the minds of gardeners and farmers is whether groundhogs feast on tomatoes. In this article, we embark on a journey to understand the dietary habits of groundhogs and their potential impact on gardens and crops, with a particular focus on the beloved tomato plants. The popularity of tomatoes in gardens and kitchens makes it vital to explore the interactions between groundhogs and this cherished crop.

Groundhogs: Overview

Groundhogs, scientifically known as Marmota monax and commonly referred to as woodchucks, are native to North America. They are medium-sized, stocky rodents with a distinctive, stout build. Groundhogs are primarily herbivores, and their diet primarily consists of plants, making them a unique part of the ecosystem. Their habitat includes meadows, fields, woodlands, and gardens.

Groundhogs are known for their burrowing behavior, constructing elaborate underground tunnels. While their burrows can be an interesting natural phenomenon, they also cause concerns for gardeners and farmers as they can disrupt soil and damage crops. Groundhogs have a reputation for their voracious plant-eating habits, and they are often considered garden pests due to their penchant for consuming various garden plants.

Understanding the general characteristics and behaviors of groundhogs is crucial to recognizing their potential impact on garden crops, including the beloved tomato plants. Tomatoes are a garden delight, and gardeners seek to protect them from groundhog damage while respecting the place these animals hold in the natural ecosystem.

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Tomatoes: A Garden Delight

Tomatoes, often referred to as “love apples”, have secured their place as one of the most cherished garden crops. The allure of homegrown tomatoes is not only attributed to their rich, juicy flavor but also to their versatility in culinary applications. From fresh slices in salads to savory sauces and salsas, tomatoes are indispensable in the kitchen.

For gardeners, tending to tomato plants becomes a labor of love. The joy of watching tomato vines flourish and yield ripe, red, or vibrant yellow fruits is a highlight of the gardening season. However, this delight comes with its challenges, as various garden pests and critters are enticed by the tempting taste of tomatoes. Among these potential culprits are groundhogs, whose herbivorous habits might lead them to investigate the garden’s tomato bounty.

Groundhogs and Tomatoes: Dietary Habits

Groundhogs, despite their somewhat amusing appearance and habits, are herbivores known for their broad palate of garden delicacies. While their primary diet consists of plants like grasses, clover, and wildflowers, they have a reputation for exploring the culinary offerings of gardens. Tomatoes, with their succulent, sun-ripened allure, may indeed catch the attention of groundhogs.

Groundhogs are opportunistic feeders, and their choice of food often depends on what’s available in their environment. The scent and taste of ripe tomatoes can make them an attractive target for these herbivorous creatures. The extent of their tomato consumption may vary based on factors such as local food availability and the presence of other garden plants that pique their interest.

For gardeners, this potential interaction between groundhogs and tomato plants underscores the importance of protecting their crops while recognizing the role of groundhogs in the intricate web of the natural ecosystem. It becomes a balancing act between safeguarding the garden’s treasures and acknowledging the role of these rodents in the grand tapestry of wildlife.

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Protecting Tomatoes from Groundhogs

Gardeners are often faced with the challenge of safeguarding their cherished tomatoes from groundhog interference. Several strategies and protective measures can be employed to mitigate potential damage:

  • Fencing: Installing a sturdy fence around the garden can be an effective way to keep groundhogs out. Make sure the fence extends below the ground to prevent burrowing access.
  • Traps: Live traps designed for capturing groundhogs can be used to relocate these animals away from your garden. Ensure that trapping is done in compliance with local regulations.
  • Repellents: Various types of repellents, including scent-based and visual deterrents, can deter groundhogs from approaching tomato plants.
  • Companion Planting: Certain companion plants, like marigolds or garlic, can help deter groundhogs from your garden by releasing scents that these animals find unappealing.


The interaction between groundhogs and tomatoes in our gardens is a testament to the intricate relationship between nature and agriculture. While groundhogs’ herbivorous habits can lead them to explore the tantalizing world of tomatoes, gardeners are equipped with an arsenal of protective measures to shield their beloved crops.

Protecting tomatoes from groundhogs is not only about preserving the garden’s bounty but also about finding a balance between cultivation and coexistence. Groundhogs, like all creatures, play their part in the ecosystem, and recognizing their role is essential.

In the end, gardeners can continue to revel in the joys of cultivating tomatoes, understanding that the occasional curiosity of groundhogs is just one part of the grand tapestry of life in the garden. This harmonious coexistence allows both gardeners and groundhogs to thrive within the shared space of the natural world.

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