Do Deer Eat Kale?

Deer, with their graceful presence and often inquisitive nature, have long been a part of the natural landscape. Many gardeners and homeowners share their outdoor spaces with these magnificent creatures, but this coexistence sometimes raises questions about what deer choose to eat. One common query is whether deer have a taste for kale, a nutritious leafy green that has gained popularity in home gardens. In this exploration, we will delve into the habits and preferences of deer to better understand whether they have a penchant for kale. By gaining insight into deer behavior, we can make informed decisions about protecting our garden treasures while harmoniously sharing the environment with these majestic animals.

Deer Behavior

Deer behavior is a subject of fascination and study, as it plays a significant role in the interactions between these creatures and the landscapes they inhabit:

  • Feeding Habits: Deer are herbivores, which means their diet primarily consists of plant material. Their feeding habits can vary based on the availability of food sources throughout the year.
  • Preference for Certain Plants: Deer exhibit preferences for specific plants, and these preferences can be influenced by factors such as plant species, seasonality, and the local deer population.
  • Browsing Behavior: Deer are known for their browsing behavior, where they nibble on plants, shrubs, and trees. They may consume the leaves, stems, buds, and even flowers of various plant species.
  • Factors Influencing Deer Diet: Several factors influence what deer choose to eat, including the abundance of natural forage, the presence of alternative food sources, and their own nutritional needs. Local deer populations can also impact their feeding habits.
  • Adaptability: Deer are adaptable animals, and their diet can shift in response to changing conditions. They may explore new food sources when familiar ones become scarce.
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By understanding these aspects of deer behavior, we can delve deeper into whether kale, a particular garden favorite, falls within their menu of choice. In the following sections, we will explore whether deer find kale delectable and discuss strategies for safeguarding this leafy green from potential browsing.

Kale Overview

Before we delve into whether deer have an appetite for kale, let’s take a moment to understand kale itself:

  • Nutrient-Rich Superfood: Kale, a member of the Brassica family, is renowned as a nutrient powerhouse. Packed with vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants, it has gained immense popularity in recent years for its health benefits.
  • Variety in Kale: Kale comes in various forms, including curly kale, lacinato (or dinosaur) kale, and red Russian kale. Each variety offers a unique flavor and texture, making it a versatile ingredient in the kitchen.
  • Gardener’s Favorite: Many gardeners are drawn to kale for its hardiness, as it can withstand a range of temperatures and grows well in both gardens and containers. Its ability to thrive in different climates makes it a valuable addition to home gardens.
  • Culinary Uses: Kale’s versatility extends to the culinary world, where it is used in salads, smoothies, soups, and even as a crispy snack when baked into kale chips.

Do Deer Eat Kale?

The million-dollar question for gardeners and kale enthusiasts is whether deer are enticed by this leafy green:

  • Varied Reports: Reports from gardeners and experts vary regarding whether deer consume kale. Some gardeners claim that deer have shown an interest in kale, while others have observed little to no damage to their kale plants from deer.
  • Factors at Play: The likelihood of deer grazing on kale can be influenced by several factors. Local deer populations and the availability of other food sources in the area can play a crucial role in their dietary choices.
  • Seasonal Variations: Deer feeding habits may change with the seasons. In times when natural forage is abundant, they may be less inclined to seek out cultivated plants like kale.
  • Individual Preferences: Just as humans have food preferences, individual deer may display varying tastes. Some may find kale appealing, while others may favor other plants.
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The question of whether deer eat kale is not a straightforward one, as it can depend on a combination of factors specific to each garden and region. In the next sections, we will explore strategies for protecting kale from potential deer browsing and provide guidance on how gardeners can enjoy their kale crops while coexisting with these graceful wildlife neighbors.

Strategies for Protecting Kale

To ensure your kale remains intact and thriving, consider implementing these strategies for protection:

  • Fencing: Installing a sturdy fence around your garden or kale beds is one of the most effective ways to deter deer. Choose a fence with appropriate height and material to prevent deer from jumping over or pushing through.
  • Netting or Row Covers: Covering your kale plants with netting or row covers can create a physical barrier that prevents deer from accessing them while still allowing sunlight and rain to reach the plants.
  • Repellents: Deer repellents, both commercial and homemade, can be applied to kale leaves. These products emit scents or tastes that deer find unpleasant, discouraging them from nibbling on your kale.
  • Companion Planting: Interplanting kale with deer-resistant plants or aromatic herbs can help mask the scent of kale and confuse deer, making it less likely for them to target your crops.
  • Motion-Activated Devices: Motion-activated sprinklers or lights can startle deer and deter them from approaching your garden. These devices use sensors to detect movement and then activate a deterrent action.
  • Garden Monitoring: Regularly inspect your kale plants for signs of deer browsing. Early detection allows for prompt action to protect your crops.
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Alternatives to Kale for Deer

If you are concerned about deer browsing but still want to cultivate a garden that attracts wildlife, consider these deer-resistant alternatives to kale:

  • Lavender: Deer typically avoid the strong fragrance of lavender, making it a delightful addition to your garden.
  • Rosemary: The aromatic and woody scent of rosemary is known to deter deer.
  • Mint: Mint varieties like peppermint and spearmint are often unpalatable to deer and can be used in both culinary and ornamental gardens.
  • Lamb’s Ear: The soft, fuzzy leaves of lamb’s ear plants are not a preferred choice for deer.
  • Daffodils: Daffodil bulbs contain compounds that deter deer from nibbling on them.


In conclusion, the question of whether deer eat kale hinges on several factors, including local deer populations, the availability of natural forage, and individual deer preferences. While kale may occasionally be on the menu for deer, gardeners have a range of effective strategies at their disposal to safeguard their kale crops.

By implementing protective measures such as fencing, netting, repellents, and companion planting, you can enjoy the many benefits of growing kale without worry. Additionally, exploring deer-resistant alternatives can diversify your garden and create a welcoming environment for both plants and wildlife.

Ultimately, coexisting with deer in your outdoor space is possible with a bit of planning and consideration. By respecting the natural behaviors of these majestic creatures and taking steps to protect your garden treasures, you can strike a harmonious balance between the beauty of kale and the presence of wildlife in your landscape.